STEP SIX: ANALYZE
Each community is perfectly engineered to produce the results they are currently seeing. The function of the stakeholder group is to identify and change those features of community life that are contributing to the problem or hindering the community from realizing its aspirations – to create a different community that produces a different result. Goal or problem analysis is a group process where participants “unpack” complex issues and identify the root causes and relevant local conditions. Once identified, community problems or goals should be framed in a manner that is respectful of the community and that set the stage for action. Goals should be analyzed to discover root causes and local conditions that make these causal factors more prevalent in the community. The power of a group analysis of shared goals is that it can elicit the knowledge of all participants. The danger of the brainstorming process is that the results can reflect the prejudices and assumptions of the participants. Results of community brainstorming should be validated to assure that the ideas are backed by local data, resonate with known science, and reflect the best wisdom of the community. Many of the ideas generated will fail to meet these important validation tests.
Targeted outcome statements have been written that conform to six criteria for effectiveness – 1) name one issue or problem at a time, 2) avoid placing blame, 3) avoid naming solutions, 4) define issues in terms of behaviors and conditions, 5) are (or can be) measurable, 6) reflect community concerns
Best suited analysis technique has been selected (e.g., root cause, ABC, 5 Why’s, narrative wishbone, common cause, etc.)
Analysis was conducted with appropriate participation from stakeholders and community
Validation tests (Local Data, Science, Community Experience, Community Expectations) are applied to analysis results
Consensus has been gained for final resulting picture
BIG PICTURE APPROACH TRAINING MATERIALS (FROM TRAINING BINDER):
Related Facilitator's Guide or Curriculum
|Goals/Outcome Statements Worksheet||
Community Tool Box Toolkit: Analyzing Problems and Goals
CSG Curriculum: Problem Analysis
|Overview of Analysis Techniques and Approaches||
RESOURCES TO HELP YOU DIVE DEEPER
Problem Analysis & Unpacking Root Causes
- Community Tool Box Guide: Analyzing Community Problems and Solutions
Chapter introduces the problem-solving process, with sections on thinking critically, defining and analyzing the problem, analyzing root causes, addressing social determinants of health and development, generating and choosing solutions, and implementing solutions.
- Community Tool Box Guide: Analyzing Root Causes of Problems: the "But Why?" Technique
Guide helps you identify root causes and analyze them with a technique that poses questions.
Additional Training for Your Team
Consulting Services to Support Your Coalition